Karnataka geography Question Answer Part-1
Karnataka is located on the Deccan Plateau and is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Andhra Pradesh to the southeast and east, Telangana to the east, Tamil Nadu to the south and southeast, and borders. Kerala to the southwest. It is situated at the confluence of the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats of South India in the Nilgiri Hills. The highest point in Karnataka is the Mullaiyanagiri hill in Chikkamagaluru district at 1,929 meters (6,329 ft) above sea level.
Karnataka has a total land area of 191,791 km² and constitutes 5.83% of the country’s total area (measuring 3,288,000 km²). It is the seventh largest in size. With a population of 6,1,30,704, it ranks eighth in terms of population. The population density of 319 persons per km² is lower than the all-India average of 382.
Karnataka is rich in mineral wealth, which is evenly distributed across the state. Established in 1880, the Land Survey Department of Karnataka is the oldest in the country. Rich deposits of asbestos, bauxite, chromite, dolomite, gold, iron ore, kaolin, limestone, magnesite, manganese, ochre, quartz and silica sand are found here. Karnataka is the country’s leading producer of felsite, molding sand (63%), and fuchsite quartzite (57%)
Karnataka State has two major centers of gold mining in Kolar and Raichur. These mines yield about 3000 kg of gold annually, which is about 84% of the country’s production. Karnataka has rich reserves of 1,000 million tonnes of high-grade iron and manganese ores. Iron mines are concentrated around Bellary-Hospet. With over 4200 km² of extensive granite rock, Karnataka is known for its decorative granites with various hues.
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